|The Fountain - Duchamp ready made|
|Duchamps alter-ego Rose Selavy|
Surrealists (1920- 1930's) acknowledged the spontaneous creation lauded by Dadaism but removed themselves from their ironic anti-art position. They embraced new ideas from Sigmund Freud such as the importance of dreams and the subconcious. Automatism - thought uninterrupted by rational control - was key to the surrealists who believed that rational thought was at fault for the worlds problems and change could only come about through the subconcious mind.
|Picture by Dali - The temptations of St Anthony|
Situationists grew out of Dadaism and Surrealism, they wanted to break down the barriers between art, politics and other forms of social oppression. Encouraging people to adorn the streets with statements such as 'Free the Passions' and 'Never Work', their sloganeering was closely linked to the Paris student riots in 1968. They inspired people to rework metro posters (an early version of subvertising) challenging the ideas of ownership and creativity, believing if you wanted to put art on the streets you should do it, if you disagreed with an advert you should rework it, action here and now to transform everyday life.
Lewisohn, Cedar: Street Art (2008) Tate publishing, London
Peiter, Sebastian: Guerilla Art (2009) Laurence King Publishing Ltd, London
Untitled II The Beautiful Renaissance (2009) Pro-Actif Communications, Durham