The definition for this is a science that investigates differences in human races (more specific to a historical context) using physical anthropology (study of the origin, behavior, physical, social, and cultural development of humans), anthropometry (the study of human body measurements) and craniometry (measurement of the skull to determine its characteristics) to generate anthropological typologies with a hierarchy of superior and inferior races. It was most common in the period of New Imperialism 1880 – 1914 and used to justify white supremacism.
Since World War II and the atrocities of the holocaust scientific racism in theory and action has been denounced.
|Bergen Belsen Death Camp |
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